Course

Web-Page

 

Last Updated December 3, 2016

Having problems?

Email me:

khyrenbach (at) hpu (dot) edu

 

Syllabi

(Last Updated: Aug 25)

 

     
   

Dr. David Hyrenbach


CTSA #1

Oceanic Institute


Office Hours:

Tu; 10:45 - 12:00 (HLC, 2nd floor lanai)

Th; 10:45 - 12:00 (HLC, 2nd floor lanai)

or by appointment at CTSA #1, OI

 

 

We will use two texts:

Seabirds of Hawaii (1990)

Craig Harrison

Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press        
(ISBN 0801424496)
(Google Book)

On Reserve at Atherton Library

 

Biology of Marine Birds (2002) 


Elizabeth Anne Schreiber, Joanna Burger (Eds.)


Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press 
(ISBN 0849398827)
(Google Book)

On Reserve at Atherton Library

 

Course Readings

The PDFs posted on this page are for class use only.

Please do not distribute.

 

 

Week 1 - Course Introduction and Foundations

 

Meeting 1: Tuesday Aug. 30

 


Lecture: Course Introduction

Required Readings:

Schreiber & Burger 2002 - chapter 1

 

Lecture 1

 

Lecture: Taxonomy and Phylogeny

Required Readings:

Schreiber & Burger 2002 - chapter 2

 

Lecture 2

 

Lecture: Systematics and Distribution

Required Readings:

Harrison 1990 - chapter 1, chapter 2, chapter 3

Schreiber & Burger 2002 - chapter 3

 

Lecture 3

 

Extra Readings

 

Gregory, J. 1952. The Jaws of the Cretaceous Toothed Birds, Ichthyornis and  Hesperornis.  Condor 54 (2): 73-88.

(1.1 MB)

Olson, S.L. & Hasegawa, Y. 1979. Fossil counterparts of giant penguins from the North Pacific. Science 206: 688-689.

(0.4 MB)

Warheit, K.I. 1992. A Review of the Fossil Seabirds from the Tertiary of the North Pacific: Plate Tectonics, Paleoceanography, and Faunal Change.  Paleobiology 18: 401-424.

(2.7 MB)

Mayr, G. 2011. Cenozoic mystery birds – on the phylogenetic affinities of bony-toothed birds (Pelagornithidae). Zoologica Scripta 40: 448-467.

(0.9 MB)

Ainley, D.G. 1980. Geographic variation in Leach’s Storm-petrel. The Auk 97: 837-853.

(1.1 MB)

Smith, N.A., & Clarke, J.A. 2015. Systematics and evolution of the Pan-Alcidae (Aves, Charadriiformes). Journal of Avian Biology 45: 125-140.

(0.7 MB)

 

Meeting 2: Tuesday Sept. 6

 

Lab: Seabird Observations

Handouts

 

Weather Observations

Seabird_Observations

 

Meeting 3: Tuesday Sept. 13

 

Required Reading:

Whittow, G.C. 1997. Wedge-tailed Shearwater (Puffinus pacificus).

In The Birds of North America, No. 305 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C.

 

(0.6 MB)

Lecture: Intro to Colony Monitoring

 

Lecture 4

Required Reading:

Hyrenbach, K.D. 2011. Tale of Two Years: Monitoring Wedge-tailed Shearwaters at Freeman Seabird Preserve in Black Point, Oahu. 'Elepaio 71(3): 17-20.

 

(1.0 MB)

Lecture: Intro to Molt and External Examination

 

Lecture 5

Lab: Molt and External Examination

 

Necropsy Manual

Extra Readings

Hyrenbach, K.D., & Johnson, W. 2012. 2011: A Mixed Year at the Freeman Seabird Preserve. 'Elepaio 72(2): 12-13.

(0.7 MB)

Hyrenbach, K.D., & Johnson, W. 2013. 2012: Record breeding shearwater count at the Freeman Seabird Preserve. 'Elepaio 73(2): 12-13.

(0.7 MB)

Hyrenbach, K.D., & Johnson, W. 2014. Five Years of Wedge-tailed Shearwater Monitoring and Habitat Restoration at the Freeman Seabird Preserve: 2009 - 2013 'Elepaio 74(2): 5-6.

(1.1 MB)

Hyrenbach, K.D. 2015. 2014: Another Record Population Count at the Freeman Seabird Preserve During a Year of Average Breeding, 'Elepaio 75(2): 12-13.

(0.3 MB)

Hyrenbach, K.D. 2016. 2015: Another Record Population Count at the Freeman Seabird Preserve During a Year of Low Productivity, 'Elepaio 76(2): 13-14.

(1.7 MB)

 

 

Meeting 4: Tuesday Sept. 19

 

 

Lab: Shearwater Necropsies - Group I

Required Reading: Necropsy Manual

 

Necropsy Lab

Required Reading:

Bull, L.S., et al. 2005. Patterns of size variation in the shearwater genus Puffinus. Marine Ornithology 33: 27-39.

 

(0.5 MB)

 

Extra Readings

Guicking, D., et al. 2004. Morphometrics of the pink-footed shearwater (Puffinus creatopus): influence of sex and breeding site.Journal of Ornithology 145: 64-68.

(0.2 MB)

Haywood, J. & Bull, L.S. 2008. Allometry and phenotypic variation in the morphometrics of Puffinus shearwaters. Marine Ornithology 36: 53-57.

(0.2 MB)

Adams, J., et al. 2009. Effects of geolocation archival tags on reproduction and adult body mass of Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus). New Zealand Journal of Zoology 36(3): 355-366.

(2.7 MB)

Judge, S., et al. 2014. Comparative analyses of Hawaiian Petrel Pterodroma sandwichensis morphometrics. Marine Ornithology 42: 81-84.

(0.1 MB)

 

 

 

Meeting 5: Tuesday Sept. 27

 

Lab: Shearwater Necropsies - Group II

Required Reading:

Serrano-Meneses, M.A., & Szekely, T. 2006. Sexual size dimorphism in seabirds: sexual selection, fecundity selection and differential niche-utilisation. Oikos 113: 385- 394.

 

(0.1 MB)

Lecture: Morphometrics - Results & Applications

 

Lecture 6

 

 

Extra Readings

Fairbairn, J. & Shine, R. 1993. Patterns of sexual size dimorphism in seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere. Oikos 68: 139-145.

(0.8 MB)

Croxall, J.P. 1995. Sexual Size Dimorphism in Seabirds. Oikos 73: 399-403.

(0.7 MB)

Shine, R., & Fairbairn, J. 1995. Sexual Size Dimorphism in Seabirds: A Reply to Croxall. Oikos 74: 146-148.

(0.4 MB)

Bugoni, L. & Furness, R.W. 2009. Age composition and sexual size dimorphism of albatrosses and petrels off Brazil. Marine Ornithology 37: 253 - 260.

(0.1 MB)

 

 

Meeting 6: Tuesday Oct. 4

 

Lecture: Wing EcoMorphology

 

Lecture 7

Required Reading:

Schreiber & Burger 2002 - chapter 11

Extra Readings

Wilson, R.P., et al. 1992. Diving Birds in Cold Water: Do Archimedes and Boyle Determine Energetic Costs?   American Naturalist 140(2): 179-200.

(0.4 MB)

Wood, K.W. 1993. Feeding behaviour, offal preferences and tarsus shape of Puffinus shearwaters off central New South Wales. Notornis 40(2): 123-127.

(0.2 MB)

Weimerskirch, H., et al. 2000. Fast and fuel efficient? Optimal use of wind by flying albatrosses. Proceedings of the Biological Society of London 267: 1869-1874.

(1.3 MB)

Sachs, G., et al. 2012. Flying at No Mechanical Energy Cost: Disclosing the Secret of Wandering Albatrosses. PLoS ONE 7(9): e41449. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041449

(1.1 MB)

 

 

 

 

 

Meeting 7: Tuesday Oct. 11

 

Discussion: Flying and Diving Adaptations

 

Required Reading:

Costa, D.P. 1991. Reproductive and Foraging Energetics of High Latitude Penguins, Albatrosses and Pinnipeds: Implications for Life History Patterns. American Zoologist 31(1): 111-130.

 

(0.6 MB)

Lecture: Seabird Physiology

Required Reading:

Schreiber & Burger 2002 - chapter 14

 

Lecture 8

 

Extra Readings

Lovvorn, J.R., & Jones, D.R. 1994. Biomechanical Conflicts between Adaptations for Diving and Aerial Flight in Estuarine Birds. Estuaries 17: 62-75.

(0.4 MB)

Boyd, I.L. 1997. The behavioral and physiological ecology of diving. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 12(6): 213-217.

(1.0 MB)

Schmidt, A., Alard, F., & Handrich, Y. 2006. Changes in body temperatures in king penguins at sea: the result of fine adjustments in peripheral heat loss? American Journal of Physiooglical Regulation and Integrative Comparative Physiology 291: 608 - 618

(0.6 MB)

Meir, J.U., Stockard, T.K., Williams, C.L., Ponganis, K.V., & Ponganis, P.J. 2008. Heart rate regulation and extreme bradycardia in diving emperor penguins. Journal of Experimental Biology 211: 1169-1179

(0.6 MB)

 

 

 

 

Meeting 8: Tuesday Oct. 18

 

 

Lecture: Seabird Foraging

Required Readings:

Schreiber & Burger 2002 - chapter 6

Harrison 1990 - chapter 7

 

Lecture 9

 

Lab: Bolus Analysis

Required Readings:

(Hart et al. 2002) (Brown et al. 2012)

 

 

Bolus Data Sheet

 

Extra Readings

Duffy, D.C., & Jackson, S. 1986. Diet Studies of Seabirds: a Review of Methods. Colonial Waterbirds 9: 1-17.

(1.0 MB)

Hebshi, A.J., Duffy, D.C., & Hyrenbach, K.D. 2008.  Associations between seabirds and subsurface predators around O'ahu, Hawaii.  Aquatic Biology 4: 89-98.

(0.3 MB)

Ballance, L.T., & Pitman, R.L. 1999. Foraging ecology of tropical seabirds. In: Adams, N.J. & Slotow, R.H. (Eds) Proceedings 22nd International Ornithological Congress, Durban: 2057-2071.

(0.3 MB)

Hunt, G.L., Mehlum, F., Russell, R.W., Irons, D., Decker, M.B., & Becker, P.H. 1999. Physical processes, prey abundance, and the foraging ecology of seabirds. In: Adams, N.J. & Slotow, R.H. (Eds) Proceedings 22nd International Ornithological Congress, Durban: 2040-2056.

(0.1 MB)

 

 

 

 

Meeting 9: Tuesday Oct. 25

 

Lecture: Seabird Oceanography

Required Readings:

Schreiber & Burger 2002 - chapter 7

 

Lecture 10

 

Lab: Diet Analysis

Required Reading:

(Mancini et al. 2014)

(Mancini & Bugoni 2014)

 

Diet Homework

Diet Data

(Due Nov 8)

 

Lecture: Pollution & Toxicology

Required Readings:

Schreiber & Burger 2002 - chapter 15

 

Lecture 11

 

Extra Readings - Oceanographic Indicators

Sydeman, W.J., Hester, M.M., Thayer, J.A., Gress, F., Martin, P., & Buffa, J. 2001. Climate change, reproductive performance and diet composition of marine birds in the southern California Current system, 1969-1997. Progress  in Oceanography 49(1-4):309-329.

(1.0 MB)

Hyrenbach, K.D., Fernández, P, & Anderson, D.J. 2002. Oceanographic habitats of two sympatric North Pacific albatrosses during the breeding season. Marine Ecology Progress Series 233:283-301.

(0.7 MB)

Hyrenbach, K.D., & Veit, R.R. 2003. Ocean warming and seabird communities of the California Current System: response at multiple temporal scales. Deep-Sea Research II 50(14-16):2537-2565.

(0.5 MB)

Ballance, L.T., Pitman, R.L., & Reilly, S.B. 1997. Seabird community structure along a productivity gradient: importance of competition and energetic constraint. Ecology 78:1502-1518.

(0.3 MB)

 

Extra Readings - Pollutants and Toxicology

 

Blévin P, et al. 2013. Wide Range of Mercury Contamination in Chicks of Southern Ocean Seabirds. PLoS ONE 8(1): e54508. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054508

(0.3 MB)

Finkelstein, M., et al. 2006. Albatross species demonstrate regional differences in North Pacific marine contamination. Ecological Applications 16:678-686.

(0.3 MB)

Young, L.C., et al. 2009. Bringing home the trash: do colony-based differences in foraging lead to increased plastic ingestion in Laysan Albatrosses? PLoS ONE 4(10): e7623dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007623

(0.6 MB)

Hardesty, B.D., Holdsworth, D., Revill, A.T., & Wilcox, C. 2014. A biochemical approach for identifying plastics exposure in live wildlife. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.12277

(0.8 MB)

 

 

 

Meeting 10: Tuesday Nov. 1

 

 

Quiz #3

 

 

Ecology

 

Discussion: Necropsy Analysis

 

Necropsy Results

and Discussion

 

Lecture: Breeding Biology

Required Readings:

Schreiber & Burger 2002 - chapters 12 & 13

 

Lecture 12

 

Assignment: Growth Analysis

 

 

Growth Analysis

Growth Data

(Due Nov 15)

Extra Readings

Richdale, L.E. 1945. The nestling of the Sooty Shearwater. The Condor 47(2): 45 - 62.

(1.1 MB)

Sagar, P., M., & Horning, D.S. 1998. Mass-related survival of fledgling Sooty Shearwaters Puffinus griseus at The Snares, New Zealand. Ibis 140: 329-331.

(0.3 MB)

Braasch, A., Schauroth, C., & Becker P.H. 2009. Post-fledging body mass as a determinant of subadult survival in Common Terns Sterna hirundo. Journal of Ornithology 150: 401–407.

(0.3 MB)

Morrison, K.W., et al. 2009. Wing Length and Mass at Fledging Predict Local Juvenile Survival and Age at First Return in Tufted Puffins (Fratercula cirrhata). The Condor 111(3): 433-441.

(0.3 MB)

 

 

 

Meeting 11: Tuesday Nov. 8

 

Field: Shearwaster Banding

Monday - Nov 7

Tuesday - Nov 8

Wednesday - Nov 9

 

 

 

Meeting 12: Tuesday Nov. 15

 

Discussion: Diet Analysis

 

Diet Results

and Disussion

 

 

Lecture: Demography

Required Readings:

Schreiber & Burger 2002 - chapters 5 & 7

 

Lecture 13

 

Discussion: Growth Analysis

 

Growth Results

and Discussion

 

Lecture: Introduction to Ka'ena Point

Required Readings:

(Young et al. 2009)

(Young et al. 2013)

(Young & VanderWerf 2016)

 

Lecture 14

 

Extra Readings

Smith, D.G., Polhemus, J.T., & VanderWerf, E.A. (2002) Comparison of Managed and Unmanaged Wedge-Tailed Shearwater Colonies on O'ahu: Effects of Predation. Pacific Science 56: 451-457.

(0.7 MB)

Finkenstein, M.E., et al. 2010. Assessment of demographic risk factors and management priorities: impacts on juveniles substantially affect population viability of a long-lived seabird. Animal Conservation 13: 148-156.

(0.3 MB)

Anderson, D.J., et al. 2008. Population status of the Critically  Endangered waved albatross Phoebastria irrorata, 1999 to 2007. Endangered Species Research 5: 185-192.

(0.3 MB)

 

 

 

 

Field Trip: Saturday Nov. 19

 

Field Trip: Ka'ena Point

 

 

Handout

 

Hawaiian Coastal Plants - Links

 

Gallery

Report

 

 

 

 

 

Meeting 13: Tuesday Nov. 22

 

 

Quiz #4

 

 

Demography &

Population Biology

 

Lecture: Conservation & Management

Required Readings:

Schreiber & Burger 2002 - chapter 17

 

Lecture 14

 

Discussion: Conservation Priorities & Dilemmas

Required Reading:

Harrison 1990 - chapter 16 & chapter 17 & chapter 18

 

 

Lewison et al., 2012

 

Lecture: Fisheries Interactions

Required Readings:

Schreiber & Burger 2002 - chapter 16

 

Lecture 15

 

Extra Readings

Hyrenbach, K.D., & Dotson, R.C. (2003). Assessing the susceptibility of female Black-footed Albatross (Phoebastria nigripes) to longline fisheries during their post-breeding dispersal: an integrated approach. Biological Conservation, 112: 391-404.

(0.5 MB)

Guy, T.J., et al. (2013) Overlap of North Pacific albatrosses with the U.S. west coast groundfish and shrimp fisheries. Fisheries Research, 147(6): 222-234.

(2.4 MB)

Anderson, O.R.J., et al. (2011). Global seabird bycatch in longline fisheries. Endangered Species Research, 14: 91-106.

(0.2 MB)

 

 

 

Meeting 14: Tuesday Nov. 29

 

 

In-Class Final Exam

 

Graduate Class Presentations

of Research Projects

 

 
Friday Dec. 2

 

Paper Abstracts - Via Email

(MARS 4040 & MARS 6040)

 

 

 

 

 

Meeting 15: Thursday Dec. 8

 

 

Undergraduate Class Presentations

of Literature Reviews

 

 

 

Monday Dec. 12

 

 

Take-Home Exam Due - Via Email

 

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