BIOL 3010

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Last Updated May 2, 2016

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Syllabus

(Last Updated: Jan 18)

     
   

Dr. David Hyrenbach


CTSA #1

Oceanic Institute


Office Hours:

M; 9:30 - 11:30 (HLC, 2nd floor lanai)

W; 9:30 - 11:30 (HLC, 2nd floor lanai)

or by appointment at CTSA #1, OI

 

 

Texts

 

 

(Required)

In The Beginning: Archipelago, The Origin And Discovery of the Hawaiian Islands (2012)

Author: Richard W. Grigg

 

ISBN 10: 1617101516

 

(Recommended)

Islands in a Far Sea: The Fate of Nature in Hawaii, Revised Edition (2005)

Author: John L. Culliney

 

ISBN: 978-0-8248-2947-6

 

Course Readings

The PDFs posted on this page are for class use only.

Please do not distribute.

 

 

Week 1 - Course Introduction and Foundations

Focus of this Week: Course Introductiton

 
 

Lecture 1: Wednesday, January 20

 

Introduction

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Wilson, E. O. (1998). Scientists, scholars, knaves and fools. American Scientist 86: 6-7.

 

(PDF, 426 Kb)

Assigned Reading:

Dayton, P.K. & Sala, E. (2001). Natural History: the sense of wonder, creativity and progress in ecology. Scientia Marina 65  (Suppl. 2): 199-206.

(PDF, 60 Kb)

 

 

 

 
Week 2 - Hawaiian Setting

Focus of this Week: Overview of Hawaii's Setting

 

Lecture 2: Monday, January 25

 

The Setting - Climatology of the Hawaiian Archipelago

 

 

 

Lecture 3: Wednesday, January 27

 


The Setting - Volcanism at the Hawaiian Hotspot

 

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Grigg Textbook

 

Chapter 1

Assigned Reading:

Walker, G.P.L. (1990). Geology and volcanology of the Hawaiian Islands. Pacific Science 44: 315-347.

 

(PDF, 2.1 Mb)

 

Extra Reading:


Cao, Q., et al. (2011). Seismic Imaging of Transition Zone Discontinuities Suggests Hot Mantle West of Hawaii. Science 332: 1068-1071.

 

 

(PDF, 2.0 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Wolfe, C.J., et al. (2009). Mantle Shear-Wave Velocity Structure Beneath the Hawaiian Hot Spot. Science 326: 1388-1390.

 

 

(PDF, 313 Kb)

 

 
 
Week 3 - Integrating Models and Observations

Focus of this Week: Overview of Geological Principles

 

Lecture 4: Monday, February 1

 

Evolution of Hawaiian Volcanoes

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Grigg Textbook

 

Chapter 2

Assigned Reading:

Tilling, R.I. & Dvorak, J.J. (1993), Anatomy of a basaltic volcano. Nature 363:125-133.

 

(PDF, 1.0 Mb)

 

Extra Reading:

Sinton,. J.M., et al. (2014) Ka‘ena Volcano—A precursor volcano of the island of O‘ahu, Hawai‘i. GSA Bulletin doi: 10.1130/B30936.1

 

 

(PDF, 7.3 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Hana Hou Article

 

(PDF, 5.2 Mb)

 

Lecture 5: Wednesday, February 3

 

Evidence of O'ahu Volcanism - Field Trip Hand Out

Assigned Reading:

Grigg Textbook

 

Chapter 3

Assigned Reading:

Look over background material for field trip

(PDF, 5.6 Mb)

 
 

 
Week 4 - Island Evolution and Biogeography

Focus of this Week: Review the Evolution of Hawaiian Islands

 

Lecture 6: Wednesday, February 8

 

Island Biogeography Theory

 

Assigned Reading:

Grigg Textbook

 

Chapter 4

Assigned Reading:

MacArthur, R.H. & Wilson, E.O. (1963). An Equilibrium Theory of Insular Zoogeography. Evolution, 17 (4): 373-387.

(PDF, 1.2 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Simberloff, D. (1976). Experimental Zoogeography of Islands: Effects of Island Size. Ecology, 57(4): 629-648.

(PDF, 3.2 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Connor, E.F. & McCoy, E.D. (1979). The Statistics and Biology of the Species-Area Relationship. The American Naturalist, 113 (6): 791-833.

(PDF, 3.1 Mb)

 

 

Lecture 7: Wednesday February 10

Island Biogeography In Practice

 

Assigned Reading:

Grigg Textbook

 

Chapters 5

 

Assigned Reading:

Price, J.P. and Clague, D.A. (2002)

How old is the Hawaiian biota? Geology and
phylogeny suggest recent divergence. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London - series B 269: 2429–2435

(PDF, 0.1 Mb)

Assigned Reading:

Price, J.P., and Elliott-Fisk, D. (2004)

Topographic History of the Maui Nui Complex, Hawai'i,
and Its Implications for Biogeography.
Pacific Science 58(1): 1:27-45

 

(PDF, 2.6 Mb)

 
 

 
 
Week 5 - Island Colonization

 

Focus of this Week: Review Island Biogeography of Hawai'i

 

NO CLASS: Monday February 15

 

 

 

Lecture 8: Wednesday February 17

Arriving on the Islands

Assigned Reading:

Carlquist, S. 1981. Chance Dispersal. American Scientist 69: 509-516.

(PDF, 2.1 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Aoyama, Y., Kawakami, K. and Chiba, S. (2012).  Seabirds as adhesive seed dispersers of alien and native plants in the oceanic Ogasawara Islands, Japan.  Biodiversity and Conservation 21: 2787-2801

 

(PDF, 0.5 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Reece, J.S., Bowen, B.W., Joshi, K., Goz, V., and Larson, A. (2010). Phylogeography of Two Moray Eels
Indicates High Dispersal Throughout the
Indo-Pacific. Journal of Heredity 101(4):391–402

 

(PDF, 0.7 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Scheltema, R.S. (1986). Long-distance dispersal by planktonic larvae of shoal-water benthic invertebrates among central Pacific islands. Bulletin of Marine Science 39(2): 241-256.

(PDF, 2.6 Mb)

 
 

 
 
Week 6 - Island Evolution and Biogeography

 

Focus of this Week: Review Island Biogeography of Hawai'i

 

Lecture 9: Monday February 22

 

Diversifying on the Islands

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Losos, J.B. and Ricklefs, R.E. (2009). Adaptation and diversification on islands. Nature 457: 830-836.

(PDF, 1.8 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Polis, G.A., and Hurd, S.D. (1995). Extraordinarily high spider densities on islands: Flow of energy
from the marine to terrestrial food webs and the absence
of predation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 92: 4382-4386.

 

(PDF, 0.5 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Kaneshiro, K.Y. (1988) Speciation in the Hawaiian "Drosophila": Sexual Selection Appears to Play an Important Role. BioScience 38(4): 258-263.

 

(PDF, 1.3 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Lerner, H.R.L. , Meyer, M., James, H.F., Hofreiter, M., Fleischer, R.C. (2011). Multilocus Resolution of Phylogeny and Timescale in the Extant Adaptive Radiation of Hawaiian Honeycreepers. Current Biology 21(21): 1838-1844.

(PDF, 0.7 Mb)

 

 

Lecture 10: Wednesday February 24

 

Co-evolving on the Islands

 

Assigned Reading:

Smith, T.B., Freed, L.A., Lepson, J.K., Carothers, J.H. (1995). Evolutionary Consequences of Extinctions in Populations of a Hawaiian Honeycreeper. Conservation Biology 9(1): 107-113.

 

(PDF, 0.5 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Wright, S. (1932). The roles of mutation, inbreeding, crossbreeding, and selection in evolution. Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress on Genetics. pp. 355–366.

 

(PDF, 0.9 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Carpenter, F.L. (1976). Plant-Pollinator Interactions in Hawaii: Pollination Energetics of Metrosideros collina (Myrtaceae). Ecology, 57 (6): 1125-1144.

 

(PDF, 3.4 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Carothers, J.H. (1982). Effects of Trophic Morphology and Behavior on Foraging Rate of Three Hawaiian Honeycreepers. Oecologia, 55 (2): 157-159.

(PDF, 0.4 Mb)

 
 
 
Week 7 - Island Evolution

 

Focus of this Week: Review Island Biogeography of Hawai'i

 

 

Lecture 11: Monday February 29

 

Evolution of the Islands

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Chadwick, O.A.,  Derry, L.A., Vitousek, P.M., Huebert , B.J., Hedin, L.O. (1999). Changing sources of nutrients during four million years of ecosystem development. Nature 397: 491-497.

 

(PDF, 0.2 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Porder, S., Hilley, G.E., Chadwick, O.A. (2007). Chemical weathering, mass loss, and dust inputs across a climate by time matrix in the Hawaiian Islands. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 258: 414–427.

 

(PDF, 0.8 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Nakai, S., Halliday, A. N. & Rea, D. K. (1993). Provenance of dust in the Pacific Ocean.  Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 119: 143-157.

 

(PDF, 1.6 Mb)

 
 

Lecture 12: Wednesday March 2

 

 

Sea Level Changes (Guest Speaker: David Field)

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Grigg Textbook

 

Chapter 4

 

NWHI Geological Features

 

Assigned Reading:

Baker, J.D., Littnan, C., L., Johnston, D.W. (2006). Potential effects of sea level rise on the terrestrial habitats of endangered and endemic megafauna in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Endangered Species Research, 2: 21-30.

 

(PDF, 0.4 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Reynolds, M.H., Berekowitz, P., Storlazzi, C.D., Moore, J., Flint, E. (2015). Will the Effects of Sea-Level Rise Create Ecological Traps for Pacific Island Seabirds? PLOS ONE10.1371/journal.pone.0136773

 

(PDF, 5.7 Mb)

 
 
 
Week 9 - Review of Progress to Date

 

Focus of this Week: Assessment

 

 

Lecture 13: Monday March 14

 

Blue Abyss & Twilight Slopes

Extra Reading:

Seki, M.P., Lumpkin, R., Flament, P. (2002).  Hawaii cyclonic eddies and blue marlin catches: The case study of the 1995 Hawaiian International Billfish Tournament. Journal of Oceanography 58: 739 -745.

 

(PDF, 0.8 Mb)

Extra Reading

Rooney, J.,  Donham, E.,  Montgomery, A.,  Spalding, H., Parrish, F.,  Boland, R., Fenner, D., Gove, J., Vetter, O. (2010). Mesophotic coral ecosystems in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Coral Reefs, 29:361–367.

 

 

(PDF, 1.1 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Nilsson, D-E, Warrant, E.J., Johnsen, S., Hanlon,. R., Shashar, N., (2012). A Unique Advantage for Giant Eyes in Giant Squid. Current Biology 22(8): 1 – 6.

 

(PDF, 1.2 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Roark, E.B., Guilderson, T.P., Dunbar, R.B., Fallon, S.J., Mucciarone, D.A. (2009). Extreme longevity in proteinaceous deep-sea corals. Proceedings National Academy of Sciences, 106 (13): 5204-5208.

(PDF, 0.3 Mb)

 

Midterm I : Wednesday March 16

 

Knowledge Exam

 

 

 

 

 
Week 10 - Coral Ecosystems

 

Focus of this Week: Overview of Marine Habitats

 

 

Lecture 14: Monday March 21

 

The Coral Rim and the Lagoon

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Hunter C.L., & Evans, C.W. (1995) Coral reefs in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: two centuries of western influence and two decades of data. Bulletin of Marine Science 57(2): 501-515.

 

(PDF, 0.9 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Aeby GS, Williams GJ, Franklin EC, Kenyon J, Cox EF, et al. (2011) Patterns of Coral Disease across the Hawaiian Archipelago: Relating Disease to Environment. PLoS ONE 6(5): e20370.

(PDF, 492 Kb)

 

Lecture 15: Wednesday March 23

 

Coral Growth: Regional Patterns

 

Assigned Reading:

Dollar, S.J. (1982) Wave Stress and Coral Community Structure in  Hawaii. Coral Reefs 1: 71-81.

(PDF, 2.2 Mb)

Assigned Reading:

Grigg, R.W. (1983) Community structure, succession and development of coral  reefs in Hawaii. Marine Ecology Progress Series 11: 1-14.

 

(PDF, 1.5 Mb)

 

Extra Reading:

Grigg, R.W. (1998) Holocene coral reef accretion in Hawaii; a function  of wave exposure and sea level history. Coral Reefs 17: 263-272.

 

(PDF, 0.7 Mb)

 

Extra Reading:

Grigg, R.W. (1982) Darwin Point: A threshold for Atoll Formation. Coral Reefs 1: 29-34.

 

(PDF, 1.1 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Grigg , R.W. (2008) The Darwin Point: a conceptual and historical  review. Proceedings of the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, 7-11 July 2008.

 

(PDF, 0.1 Mb)

 

 
 
 
Week 11 - Hawaiian Marine Megavertebrates

 

Focus of this Week: Overview of Marine Vertebrates

 

Lecture 16: Monday March 28

 

Hawaiian Cetaceans

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Humpback Whale Species Profile - NOAA Fisheries

Assigned Reading:

False Killer Whale Species Profile - NOAA Fisheries

Extra Reading:

Baker, C.S., Herman, L. M., Perry, A., Lawton, W.L., Straley, J.M., Wolman, A.A., KaufmanWinn, H.E.,Hall, J.D., Reinke, J.M., Ostman, J. (1986). Migratory movement and population structure of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the central and eastern North Pacific Marine Ecology Progress Series 423: 261-268.

 

(PDF, 1.5 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Lammers, M.O., Fisher-Pool, P.I., Au, W.W.L., Meyer, C.G., Wong, K.B., Brainard, R.E. (2011). Humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae song reveals wintering activity in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Marine Ecology Progress Series 423: 261-268.

 

(PDF, 0.6 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Aschettino, J.M., Baird, R.W., McSweeney, D.J., et al. 2011. Population structure of melon-headed whales (Peponocephala electra) in the Hawaiian Archipelago: Evidence of multiple populations based on photo-identification. Marine Mammal Science. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00517.x

 

(PDF, 0.4 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Woodworth PA, Schorr GS, Baird RW, et al. (2011). Eddies as offshore foraging grounds for melon-headed whales.  Marine Mammal Science DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00509.x

 

(PDF, 0.7 Mb)

 

 
 

 

Lecture 17: Wednesday March 30

 

Seabirds High and Low

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Harrison, C.S. (1990) Feeding Ecology. Pages 83 - 97. In: Seabirds of Hawaii: Natural History and Cconservation. Feeding Ecology. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

 

(PDF, 3.9 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Hyrenbach, K.D., Fernández, P., Anderson, D.J.  (2002).  Oceanographic habitats of two sympatric North  Pacific albatrosses during the breeding season.  Marine Ecology Progress Series, 233: 283-301.

 

(PDF, 0.7 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Hebshi, A.J., Duffy, D.C., Hyrenbach, K.D. (2008) Associations between seabirds and subsurface predators around Oahu, Hawaii.  Aquatic Biology 4: 89-98.

(PDF, 0.3 Mb)

 

 
 
 
Week 12 - Hawaiian Marine MegaVertebrates

 

Focus of this Week: Conservation of Marine Ecosystems

 

Lecture 18: Monday April 4

 

The Seal and the Turtle

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Hawaiian Monk Seal Species Profile - NOAA Fisheries

Assigned Reading:

Green Sea Turtle Species Profile - NOAA Fisheries

Assigned Reading:

Bolen, A. (2012). Do Hawaiian Monk Seals Have a Prayer?
Scientists and conservationists are trying to outwit
the extinction of one of the world's most critically
endangered marine mammals. National Wildlife (www.nwf.org)

 

(PDF, 0.2 Mb)

 

Extra Reading:

Balazs, G.H., Chaloupka, M. (2004). Thirty-year recovery trend in the once depleted Hawaiian green sea turtle stock. Biological Conservation 117: 491–498.

 

(PDF, 0.2 Mb)

 

Extra Reading:

Baker, J.D., Harting, A.L., Wurth, T.A., Johanos, T.C. (2011). Dramatic shifts in Hawaiian monk seal distribution predicted from divergent regional trends. Marine Mammal Science 27(1): 78-93.

(PDF, 0.3 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Schultz, J.K. (2011) Population Genetics of the Monk Seals (Genus Monachus): A Review.  Aquatic Mammals 37(3): 227-235.

(PDF, 0.2 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Bowen, B.W., Meylan, A.B., Ross, J.P., Limpus, C.J., Balazs, G.H., Avise, J.C. (1992). Global population structure and natural history of the green turtle (Chelonia mydas) in terms of matriarchal phylogeny. Evolution 46: 865–881.

(PDF, 2.5 Mb)

 

 

Lecture 19: Wednesday April 6

 
Kaena Point Introduction (for April 9 fieldtrip)

 

 

 

Coastal Change in O'ahu (Guest Speaker: David Field)

 

Assigned Reading:

Climate Change Impacts in Hawai'i (pages 16 - 20)

 

Extra Reading:

Athens, J.S. (1997) Hawaiian Native Lowland Vegetation in Prehistory


(PDF, 6.7 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Athens, J.S., Ward, J.V. (1993) Environmental Change and Prehistoric Polynesian Settlement in Hawai'i. Asian Perspectives 32(2):205-223


(PDF, 2.6 Mb)

 

 
 
Week 13 - Hawaiian Freshwaters and Forests

 

Focus of this Week: Overview of Terrestrial Habitats

 

 

Lecture 20: Monday April 11

 

Hawaiian Freshwaters

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Climate Change Impacts in Hawai'i (pages 23 - 24)

 

Extra Reading:

Schoenfuss, H. L., Blob, R. W. (2007). The importance of functional morphology for fishery conservation and management: application to Hawaiian amphidromous fishes. Bishop Mus. Bull. Cult. Environ. Stud. 3: 125-141

(PDF, 0.3 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H. L., Blob, R. W. (2012). Performance and scaling of a novel locomotor structure: adhesive capacity of climbing gobiid fishes. J. Exp. Biol. 215: 3925-3936

(PDF, 1.5 Mb)

 

 

Lecture 21: Wednesday April 13

 

Hawaiian Rainforests

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Climate Change Impacts in Hawai'i (pages 21 - 22)

 

Extra Reading:

van Riper III, C., van Riper, S.G., Goff, M.L., Laird, M. (1986).  Epizootiology and ecological significance of malaria in Hawaiian land birds. Ecological Monographs 56: 327-344

 

(PDF, 2.8 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Culliney, S., Pejchar, L., Switzer, R., Ruiz-Gutierrez, V. (2012). Seed dispersal by a captive corvid: the role of the ‘Alala (Corvus hawaiiensis) in shaping Hawai‘i’s plant communities. Ecological Applications 22(6):1718–1732

 

(PDF, 2.7 Mb)

 

 
 
 
Week 14 - Hawaiian Rainforests

 

Focus of this Week: Overview of Terrestrial Habitats

 

 

Lecture 22: Monday April 18

 

 

Cloudlands & Drylands

 

 

Extra Reading:

Paxinos, E.A.,  et al. (2002): mtDNA from fossils reveals a radiation of Hawaiian geese recently derived from the Canada goose (Branta canadensis). PNAS 99(3): 1399-1404

 

(PDF, 0.4 Mb)

Extra Reading:

James, H.F. & Burney, D.A. (1997): The diet and ecology of Hawaii's extinct flightless waterfowl: evidence from coprolites. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 62(2): 279–297

 

(PDF, 1.3 Mb)

 

 
 

Lecture 23: Wednesday April 20

 

 

Alpine Hawai'i

 

 

Extra Reading:

Forsyth, S.A. (2003). Density-dependent seed set in the Haleakala silversword: evidence for an Allee effect. Oecologia 136(4):551-557

(PDF, 0.2 Mb)

Extra Reading:

Walker, L.R., and Powell, E.A. (1995) Factors Affecting Seed Germination of the Mauna Kea Silversword in  Hawai'i. Pacific Science 49(3):205-211

(PDF, 3.5 Mb)

 

 
 
 
Week 15 - Alpine Hawaiian

 

Focus of this Week: Wrap Up

 

Lecture 24: Monday April 25

 

 

Hawaiian Nature and its Fate

 

 

Assigned Reading:

Grigg Textbook

Chapter 6

Assigned Reading:

Climate Change Impacts in Hawai'i (pages 10 - 15)

Extra Reading:

Dye, T. (1994) Population Trends in Hawai'i Before 1778

Extra Reading:

Diamond, J. (2000) Ecological Collapses of Pre-industrial Societies. The Tanner Lectures on Human Values

 
 

 

 

Wednesday April 27: Midterm II

 

Knowledge Exam

 

 

 

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